St.Peter's Basilica is one of the largest churches in the world. It is the burial site of St.Peter, one of the closest Apostles of Jesus and the first Pope. Historical evidence indicates that the tomb of St.Peter is placed below the main alter of the basilica.
The present magnificent architectural phenomena was built in the 15th Century and completed in the 16th Century. The famous Michelangelo designed the basilica including its Dome which is a masterpiece for its design, drawings and alignment. The semi-circular placement of structures with pillars, gives the Basilica a place in some of the best known architectural monuments in the world.
It is known as Basilica and not a Cathedral as it is not the residence of Bishop of Rome. It has the residence of the Pope besides the main basilica. It is a pilgrimage center for Christians around the world.
St.Peter's square outside the Basilica can hold thousands of pilgrims during special ceremonies conducted by the Pope.
The statue of Mother of Sorrows inside the Basilica draws large crowd for the expression on the face of the statue and the reverence it draws.
Vatican is one of the smallest states in the world. Vatican was declared a state in 1929 with a radius of 2.5 miles x 2.5 miles. It has a population of slightly above 2000. The white boundry line is the fencing between Rome and Vatican.